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Ongoing project

Power, Structure and Technology (PST)

Opportunities and Challenges for the Labour Market.

Project period 2019 - 2022
Project employer The Research Council of Norway
Project nr. 10353 / NFR: 295914
Project leader Harald Dale-Olsen
Gear Business Technology

Photo: Gerd Altmann/Pixabay 

Technological changes, such as information, communication technologies, robots, and public policy affect companies' adaptability, and they influence their decisions on how, where, when and what should be produced. In many countries such decisions are taken in collaboration with labour unions.

Power, Structure and Technology - Opportunities and Challenges for the Labour Market focuses on how technology is changing what a business and a workplace is. We draw on insights from economics, political science, sociology and industrial relations, and conduct empirical analyzes of how and whether digitization affects the boundaries and structure of an enterprise and whether it shifts the balance between employers and employees.

Project Approach

First, we address how technological change such as digitalisation may affect firms and their structure, and areas within the workplace, depending not only on the type of the firm, but also on the type of union presence within the sector or firm. Technology, investments, super-firms, and the interplay with unions and negotiations are keywords.

Second, we address how changes in the temporary work legislation and the occurrence of domestic outsourcing influence inequality in the workplace and in the labour market in general with important implications for ethnic and gendered class based divisions. For example, we investigate the wage- and employment effects of domestic outsourcing at both ends of the labor market (for high and low-skilled jobs).

Third, we address the impact of product and service offshoring, i.e., moving part of the business abroad, affect workplace and labour market inequality. We examine the impact of offshoring on employment and wage growth within firms, as well as investigate the impact of employment and wage growth in general on the individual level, and provide a broader answer to the impact of offshoring on employment and wages.


The project has been approved by our Data Protection Officer SIKT. A DPIA has been carried out.

This project receives data from various public registers from Statistics Norway. The researchers do not receive information that directly identifies you, such as name, social security number, postal address or the like. If you believe that the project, for example in its publications, still identifies you, you can complain to the Privacy Ombudsman. The Data Protection Officer will assist you and possibly arrange for changes in collaboration with the project manager. For questions about the processing of privacy information in this project, contact our Data Protection Officer - Reference 621169.

You can read more about Your rights in our Privacy policy. Also check out Privacy and ethics in our research.


ParticipantDegree PhoneE-mail
Erling Barth Research Professor Dr. polit. +47 930 91 410
Harald Dale-Olsen Research Professor Dr. polit. +47 482 83 527 +47 958 08 463
Marianne Røed Research Professor Dr. polit. +47 480 39 594
Pål Schøne Research Professor PhD +47 986 22 125
Marte Strøm Research Professor PhD +47 408 85 333
Janis Umblijs Senior Research Fellow PhD +47 925 27 810
Ines Wagner Research Professor PhD +47 907 82 170
Alex Bryson
Virginia Doellgast
Thomas Haipeter
Ari Hyytinen
Mika Maliranta


  • Bryson, Alex & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2021). Union effects on product and technological innovation. Research in Labor Economics. 49, p. 41–65. doi: 10.1108/S0147-912120210000049002. Full text in Research Archive
  • Dale-Olsen, Harald (2021). Do unions contribute to creative destruction? PLOS ONE. 16(12), p. 1–23. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0261212. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Bryson, Alex & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2020). Hva betyr skattefradraget for oppslutningen om fagforeninger? Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 37, p. 109–123. doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-7989-2020-01-02-07.

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  • Dale-Olsen, Harald (2021). Firms’ Markups, Trade Strategies and Pay Policies .

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Tags: Working Life
Published Feb. 19, 2020 10:35 AM - Last modified Jan. 31, 2022 3:37 PM