Erling Barth

Image of Erling Barth
Norwegian version of this page
Position Research Professor
Degree Dr. polit.
Contact +47 930 91 410 erling.barth@samfunnsforskning.no

Economist doing research on technology, labor markets and the welfare state

Erling Barth is Research Professor at the Institute for Social Research in Oslo and Professor II at the Department of Economics, University of Oslo, affiliated with ESOP. His PhD is from the Department of Economics at the University of Oslo. He is Wertheim Fellow at the Labor and Worklife Program at Harvard University, Research Economist at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) at Cambridge, MA, and Research Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Labour, IZA, in Bonn.

His research interests include technological change and its effects on the labor market, the impact of labor market institutions, inequality and the wage structure, employment, the economics of the welfare state, gender wage differentials, immigration, ownership, labor mobility, and firms’ behavior.

He has been a member of the Executive Committee of the European Association of Labour Economists (EALE), co-editor of the Nordic Journal of Political Economy, of Søkelys på arbeidslivet (Spotlight on the Labor Market), and member of the international advisory board of the British Journal of Industrial Relations. He is co-author of a University-level textbook on Labor market economics in Norwegian.

His research has been published in numerous international high impact journals: the American Economic Review, Journal of the European Economic Association, the American Journal of Political Science, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Public Economics, Journal of Corporate Finance, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Manchester School, Research in Labor Economics, International Journal of Manpower, and Kyklos among other places. See CV for a complete list.

Tags: Working Life, Gender Equality, Media and the public sphere

Publications

  • Barth, Erling; Dale-Olsen, Harald; Schøne, Pål & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2022). Er arbeidsmarkedet blitt mindre stramt etter covid? Magma - Tidsskrift for økonomi og ledelse.
  • Barth, Erling; Davis, James C.; Freeman, Richard B. & McElheran, Kristina (2022). Twisting the demand curve: Digitalization and the older workforce. Journal of Econometrics. doi: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2021.12.003.
  • Barth, Erling; Kerr, Sari Pekkala & Olivetti, Claudia (2021). The dynamics of gender earnings differentials: Evidence from establishment data. European Economic Review. 134. doi: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2021.103713. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2021). Fortsatt polarisering i det norske arbeidsmarkedet? Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 38(1), p. 23–40. doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-7989-2021-01-02. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Moene, Karl Ove (Kalle) & Pedersen, Axel West (2021). Rising Inequality in the Egalitarian Nordics. In Fischer, Georg & Strauss, Robert (Ed.), Europe's Income, Wealth, Consumption, and Inequality. Oxford University Press. p. 219–246. doi: 10.1093/oso/9780197545706.003.0006. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Bryson, Alex & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2020). Hva betyr skattefradraget for oppslutningen om fagforeninger? Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 37, p. 109–123. doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-7989-2020-01-02-07.
  • Albæk, Karsten; Asplund, Rita; Barth, Erling; Lindahl, Lena; Strøm, Marte & Vanhala, Pekka (2020). Bedre sent enn aldri? Hvordan sen fullføring av videregående skole påvirker tidlig karriere. Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 37(01-02), p. 124–141. doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-7989-2020-01-02-08. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Bryson, Alex & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2020). Union Density Effects on Productivity and Wages. Economic Journal. 130(631), p. 1898–1936. doi: 10.1093/EJ/UEAA048. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Keute, Anna Lene; Schøne, Pål; von Simson, Kristine & Steffensen, Kjartan (2019). NEET Status and Early versus Later Skills among Young Adults: Evidence from linked register-PIAAC data. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. doi: 10.1080/00313831.2019.1659403. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Cools, Sara & Strøm, Marte (2019). Geographic variation in social mobility: Polarization, migration and mothers' labour force participation. Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning. 60(3), p. 300–308. doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-291X-2019-03-08. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Davis, James Creece & Freeman, Richard (2018). Augmenting the Human Capital Earnings Equation With Measures of Where People Work. Journal of Labor Economics. 36, p. S71–S97. doi: 10.1086/694187. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling & Ognedal, Tone (2018). Tax evasion in firms. Labour. 32(1), p. 23–44. doi: 10.1111/labr.12111.
  • Goldin, Claudia; Kerr, Sari Pekkala; Olivetti, Claudia & Barth, Erling (2017). The Expanding Gender Earnings Gap: Evidence from the LEHD-2000 Census. The American Economic Review. 107(5), p. 110–114. doi: 10.1257/aer.p20171065. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Davis, James Creece; Freeman, Richard & Kerr, Sari Pekkala (2017). Weathering the Great Recession: Variation in Employment Responses, by Establishments and Countries. The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences. 3(3), p. 50–69. doi: 10.7758/rsf.2017.3.3.03. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2017). Reell eller Ideell Konkurranse. Samfunnsøkonomen. 131(2), p. 92–102. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Schøne, Pål & von Simson, Kristine (2016). Sammenhengen mellom ferdigheter fra ungdomsskolen og ferdigheter i PIAAC-undersøkelsen. Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 33(4), p. 349–359. doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-7989-2016-04-04.
  • Barth, Erling; Bryson, Alex; Davis, James C. & Freeman, Richard (2016). It's Where You Work: Increases in the Dispersion of Earnings across Establishments and Individuals in the United States. Journal of Labor Economics. 34(2), p. S67–S97. doi: 10.1086/684045.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2016). The Equality Multiplier: How Wage Compression and Welfare Empowerment Interact. Journal of the European Economic Association. 14(5), p. 1011–1037. doi: 10.1111/jeea.12163.
  • Barth, Erling; Moene, Karl Ove & Pedersen, Axel West (2015). Trygd og sysselsetting i et internasjonalt perspektiv. In Bay, Ann-Helén; Hagelund, Anniken & Hatland, Aksel (Ed.), For mange på trygd? : Velferdspolitiske spenninger. Cappelen Damm Akademisk. p. 153–170.
  • Barth, Erling & Nergaard, Kristine (2015). Kollektive partsforhold: Status quo eller endring? In Dale-Olsen, Harald (Eds.), Norsk arbeidsliv i turbulente tider. Gyldendal Akademisk. p. 83–104.
  • Barth, Erling; Bratsberg, Bernt & Raaum, Oddbjørn (2015). Prestasjonslønn i nye former. In Dale-Olsen, Harald (Eds.), Norsk arbeidsliv i turbulente tider. Gyldendal Akademisk. p. 121–136.
  • Nergaard, Kristine; Barth, Erling & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2015). Lavere organisasjonsgrad, et spørsmål om nykommere? Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 32(1-2), p. 91–110. doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-7989-2020-01-02-07. Full text in Research Archive
  • Albæk, Karsten; Asplund, Rita; Barth, Erling; Lindahl, Lena & von Simson, Kristine (2015). Ungdomsarbeidsløshet i Norden. Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 32(1-2), p. 78–90.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2015). Missing the Link? On the Political Economy of Nordic Egalitarianism. In Andersen, Torben M.; Bergman, U. Michael & Hougaard Jensen, Svend E. (Ed.), Reform Capacity and Macroeconomic Performance in the Nordic Countries. Oxford University Press. p. 50–68.
  • Barth, Erling; Finseraas, Henning & Moene, Karl Ove (2015). Political Reinforcement: How Rising Inequality Curbs Manifested Welfare Generosity. American Journal of Political Science (AJPS). 59(3), p. 565–577. doi: 10.1111/ajps.12129. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Hardoy, Ines; Schøne, Pål & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2014). Hva betyr høy yrkesdeltakelse for kjønnssegregering? In Reisel , Liza & Teigen, Mari (Ed.), Kjønnsdeling og etniske skiller på arbeidsmarkedet. Gyldendal Akademisk. p. 108–118.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2014). When Institutions Reciprocate: Turning European Social Models Around. In Dølvik, Jon Erik & Martin, Andrew (Harvard CES) (Ed.), European Social Models from Crisis to Crisis. Employment and Inequality in the Era of Monetary Integration. Oxford University Press. p. 306–324. doi: 10.1093/acprof%3Aoso/9780198717966.003.0010.
  • Albæk, Karsten; Asplund, Rita; Barth, Erling & von Simson, Kristine (2014). Early School leaving and Labour market prospects. In Valkonen, Tarmo & Vihriälä, Vesa (Ed.), The Nordic model - challenged but capable of reform. Nordic Council of Ministers. p. 235–259. doi: 10.6027/TN2014-531.
  • Barth, Erling; Moene, Karl Ove & Willumsen, Fredrik (2014). The Scandinavian model-An interpretation. Journal of Public Economics. 117(Sept.), p. 60–72. doi: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2014.04.001. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling & von Simson, Kristine (2013). Ulike veier gjennom videregående: Hva skjer de neste ti årene? Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 30(4), p. 313–333.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2013). Why do small open economies have such small wage differentials? Nordic Economic Policy Review. 1, p. 139–170.
  • Bryson, Alex; Barth, Erling & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2013). The Effects of Organizational Change on Worker Well-being and the Moderating Role of Trade Unions. Industrial & labor relations review. 66(4), p. 989–1011. doi: 10.1177/001979391306600410. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Cappelen, Alexander Wright & Ognedal, Tone (2013). Fair tax evasion. Nordic Journal of Political Economy. 38, p. 1–16. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2262192. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2012). Employment as a Price or a Prize of Equality: A Descriptive Analysis. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies. 2(2), p. 5–33. doi: 10.19154/njwls.v2i2.2355.
  • Barth, Erling; Bratsberg, Bernt & Raaum, Oddbjørn (2012). Immigrant wage profiles within and between establishments. Labour Economics. 19(4), p. 541–556. doi: 10.1016/j.labeco.2012.05.009.
  • Bryson, Alex; Barth, Erling & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2012). Do higher wages come at a price? Journal of Economic Psychology. 33(1), p. 251–263. doi: 10.1016/j.joep.2011.10.005. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Bratsberg, Bernt; Hægeland, Torbjørn & Raaum, Oddbjørn (2012). Performance pay, union bargaining and within-firm wage inequality. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics. 74(3), p. 327–362. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0084.2011.00656.x.
  • Barth, Erling & Schøne, Pål (2012). Best på skolen. Best på jobben? Samfunnsøkonomen. 126(9), p. 14–25. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Asplund, Rita; Lundborg, Per & Nilsen, Kjersti Misje (2011). Polarization of the Nordic Labour Markets. Finnish economic papers. 24(2), p. 87–110.
  • Barth, Erling & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2011). Employer Size or Skill Group Size Effect on Wages? Industrial & labor relations review. 64(2), p. 341–355. doi: 10.1177/001979391106400207.
  • Barth, Erling (2010). Den Norske Likelønnskommisjonen og Lønnsdannelsen i Offentlig Sektor. Samfundsøkonomen. p. 38–43.
  • Barth, Erling (2010). Ligeløn : Analyser og tiltag. In Deding, Mette & Holt, Helle (Ed.), Hvorfor har vi lønforskelle mellem kvinder og mænd? : En antologi om ligeløn i Danmark. SFI-Det nationale forskningscenter for velfærd. p. 219–237.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2010). Små lønnsforskjeller og store velferdsstater :. Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 27(1/2), p. 77–86.
  • Barth, Erling & Dale-Olsen, Harald (2009). Monopsonistic Discrimination, Worker Turnover, and the Gender Wage Gap. Labour Economics. 16(5), p. 589–597. doi: 10.1016/j.labeco.2009.02.004.
  • Moene, Karl Ove; Mehlum, Halvor; Barth, Erling; Lind, Jo Thori & Krüger, Ingrid (2009). Den skandinaviske modellen og økonomisk ulikhet. In Cappelen, Ådne (Eds.), Fordelingsutvalget. Finansdepartementet. p. 328–351.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2009). The Equality Mulitplier. NBER technical working paper series.
  • Barth, Erling; Bratsberg, Bernt; Hægeland, Torbjørn & Raaum, Oddbjørn (2008). Who Pays for Performance? International journal of manpower. 29(1), p. 8–29.
  • Barth, Erling & Ringdal, Kristen (2005). Fleksibel arbeidsorganisering 1997 – 2003. In Torp, Hege (Eds.), Nytt arbeidsliv. Medvirkning, inkludering og belønning. Gyldendal Akademisk.
  • Barth, Erling; Gulbrandsen, Trygve Jens & Schøne, Pål (2005). "Family ownership and productivity. The role of owner-management". Journal of Corporate Finance. 11(1-2), p. 107–127.
  • Barth, Erling; Gulbrandsen, Trygve Jens & Schøne, Pål (2002). Familieeierskap og produktivitet. Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 2002(19).
  • Asplund, Rita; Barth, Erling; Grand, Carl le ; Mastekaasa, Arne & Westergård-Nielsen, Niels (1996). Wage distribution across individuals. In Wadensjö, Eskil (Eds.), The Nordic Labour Markets in the 1990's. North-Holland, Amsterdam. p. 9–53.

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  • Dolton, Peter; Asplund, Rita & Barth, Erling (2009). Education and Inequality across Europe. Edward Elgar Publishing. 350 p.
  • Barth, Erling; Moene, Karl-Ove & Wallerstein, Michael (2003). Likhet under press. Utfordringer for den skandinaviske fordelingsmodellen. Gyldendal Akademisk. 144 p.

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  • Barth, Erling; Dale-Olsen, Harald; Schøne, Pål & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2021). Chutes and ladders? Job Opportunities for Generation Covid . IZA Institute of labor economics.
  • Barth, Erling; Finseraas, Henning; Kjelsrud, Anders Grøn & Moene, Karl Ove (Kalle) (2021). Does the Rise of China Lead to the Fall of European Welfare States? IZA Institute of Labor Economics.
  • Barth, Erling; Davis, James Creece; Freeman, Richard B. & McElheran, Kristina (2020). Twisting the Demand Curve: Digitalization and the Older Workforce . NBER.
  • Criscuolo, Chiara; Hijzen, Alexander; Schwellnus, Cyrille; Barth, Erling; Fabling, Richard & Fialho, Priscilla [Show all 10 contributors for this article] (2020). Workforce composition, productivity and pay: the role of firms in wage inequality. OECD.
  • Barth, Erling; Finseraas, Henning; Kjelsrud, Anders Grøn & Moene, Karl Ove (Kalle) (2020). Hit by the Silk Road: How Wage Coordination in Europe Mitigates the China Shock. IZA – Institute of Labor Economics.
  • Barth, Erling; Røed, Marianne; Schøne, Pål & Umblijs, Janis (2020). How Robots Change Within-Firm Wage Inequality. IZA Institute of Labor Economics.
  • Albæk, Karsten; Asplund, Rita; Barth, Erling; Lindahl, Lena; Strøm, Marte & Vanhala, Pekka (2019). Better Late than Never? How Late Completion Affects the Early Career of Dropouts. IZA Institute of Labor Economics. 2019(12560).
  • Dale-Olsen, Harald; Strøm, Marte; Østbakken, Kjersti Misje & Barth, Erling (2018). Avtaleformer, lønnsvekst og lønnsspredning. Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Full text in Research Archive
  • Østbakken, Kjersti Misje; Reisel, Liza; Schøne, Pål; Barth, Erling & Hardoy, Ines (2017). Kjønnssegregering og mobilitet i det norske arbeidsmarkedet. Institutt for samfunnsforskning.
  • Barth, Erling; Kerr, Sari Pekkala & Olivetti, Claudia (2017). The Dynamics of Gender Earnings Differentials: Evidence from Establishment Data. NBER Working Paper # 23381.
  • Barth, Erling; Davis, James Creece & Freeman, Richard (2016). Augmenting the Human Capital Earnings Equation with Measures of Where People Work. NBER Working Paper #22512.
  • Barth, Erling; Davis, James C.; Freeman, Richard & Kerr, Sari Pekkala (2016). Weathering the Great Recession: Variation in Employment Responses by Establishments and Countries. NBER Working Paper #22432.
  • Barth, Erling; Jon Marius, Vaag Iversen; Schøne, Pål; von Simson, Kristine & Strøm, Bjarne (2016). Skills and labour market attachment for vulnerable groups. Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Albæk, Karsten; Asplund, Rita; Lindahl, Lena; von Simson, Kristine & Vanhala, Pekka (2015). Youth Unemployment and Inactivity. A comparison of School to work transitions and Labour market outcomes in four Nordic countries. Nordic Council of Ministers. 2015(548).
  • Strøm, Marte; Barth, Erling & Schøne, Pål (2014). Er lønnsgapet mellom kvinner og men i ferd med å lukkes? NOU 2015:6, Arbeids- og sosialdepartementet.
  • Barth, Erling; Bryson, Alex; Davis, James C. & Freeman, Richard (2014). It's Where You Work: Increases in Earnings Dispersion across Establishments and Individuals in the U.S. NBER Working Paper #20447.
  • Barth, Erling; Hardoy, Ines; Schøne, Pål & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2013). Lønnsforskjeller mellom kvinner og menn : Hva har skjedd på 2000-tallet? Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Cappelen, Alexander Wright & Ognedal, Tone (2013). Fair tax evasion. Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi, Norges Handelshøyskole.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2012). The Equality Multiplier: How Wage Setting and Welfare Spending Make Similar Countries Diverge". IZA . 2012(6494).
  • Ognedal, Tone; Barth, Erling & Cappelen, Alexander Wright (2008). Norms and Tax Evasion. Stiftelsen Frischsenteret for samfunnsøkonomisk forskning.
  • Barth, Erling & Schøne, Pål (2006). Nyere emner i arbeidsmarkedsøkonomien. Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Cappelen, Alexander & Ognedal, Tone (2005). Fair Tax Evasion. Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  • Barth, Erling; Røed, Marianne & Schøne, Pål (2004). Lønnsutviklingen for funksjonærer i offentlig og privat sektor 1997–2001. Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Røed, Marianne; Schøne, Pål & Torp, Hege (2004). Arbeidsmarkedet for akademikere. Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling; Bratsberg, Bernt; Naylor, Robin A. & Raaum, Oddbjørn (2002). Explaining variations in wage curves. Theory and evidence. Økonomisk institutt, UiO.
  • Barth, Erling; Bratsberg, Bernt & Raaum, Oddbjørn (2002). Local unemployment and the earnings assimilation of immigrants in Norway. Økonomisk institutt, UiO.
  • Barth, Erling; Bratsberg, Bernt & Raaum, Oddbjørn (2002). Local unemployment and the relative wages of immigrants. Evidence from the current population surveys. Økonomisk institutt, UiO.
  • Torp, Hege & Barth, Erling (2001). Actual and Preferred Working Time : Regulations, incentives and the present debate on working time in Norway. Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Full text in Research Archive

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  • Barth, Erling; Dale-Olsen, Harald; Schøne, Pål & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2021). Chutes and ladders? Job Opportunities for Generation Covid.
  • Barth, Erling; Dale-Olsen, Harald & Schøne, Pål (2021). Chutes and ladders? Job Opportunities for Generation Covid.
  • Barth, Erling; Schøne, Pål; Dale-Olsen, Harald & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2021). The rise and fall - labor demand during COVID-19.
  • Reisel, Liza; Østbakken, Kjersti Misje & Barth, Erling (2019). The Equality Hurdle: Resolving the Welfare State Paradox of Gender Segregation.
  • Østbakken, Kjersti Misje; Reisel, Liza & Barth, Erling (2019). Økt likestilling = mer frihet = mer likestilling i arbeidslivet. Likestillingsparadoksets død?
  • Barth, Erling; Keute, Anna Lena; Schøne, Pål; von Simson, Kristine & Steffensen, Kjartan (2018). The Importance of Early and Later Skills among Youth: Evidence from Linked Register-PIAAC data.
  • Barth, Erling; Keute, Anna Lena; Schøne, Pål; von Simson, Kristine & Steffensen, Kjartan (2018). The Importance of Early and Later Skills among Youth: Evidence from Linked Register-PIAAC data .
  • Reisel, Liza; Østbakken, Kjersti Misje; Barth, Erling; Schøne, Pål & Hardoy, Ines (2017). Occupational Segregation in Europe - Dissentangling the Role of Paid and Unpaid Work.
  • Barth, Erling; Goldin, Claudia; Kerr, Sari Pekkala & Olivetti, Claudia (2017). The Average Mid-Forties Male College Graduate Earns 55% More Than His Female Counterparts. Harvard Business Review. 2017(06).
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2015). Likhetsmultiplikatoren: Lønn og politikk i velferdsstaten. Samfunnsøkonomen. p. 58–59.
  • Barth, Erling (2015). monopsonistic discrimination and the gender wage gap. In Durlauf, Steven N. & Blume, Lawrence E. (Ed.), The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Online Edition. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Dale-Olsen, Harald; Bryson, Alex & Barth, Erling (2015). Do Unions Kill Innovation?
  • Barth, Erling; Schøne, Pål & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2014). Hva betyr kjønnssegregering for lønn? In Reisel , Liza & Teigen, Mari (Ed.), Kjønnsdeling og etniske skiller på arbeidsmarkedet. Gyldendal Akademisk. p. 205–232.
  • Finseraas, Henning; Barth, Erling; Moene, Karl Ove & Østbakken, Kjersti Misje (2014). Insurance or redistribution motives? Behaviors and beliefs in the welfare state.
  • Barth, Erling & Moene, Karl Ove (2013). Globalization, labour market institutions and wage structure. Nordic Economic Policy Review. 1, p. 7–10.
  • Barth, Erling (2012). Snur trenden for europeiske velferdsstater?
  • Barth, Erling & von Simson, Kristine (2012). Ungdomsarbeidsledighet og konjunkturer. Økonomiske analyser. p. 38–45. Full text in Research Archive
  • Barth, Erling & Børing, Pål (2002). Utviklingen i lønnsstrukturen 1995-2000. Søkelys på arbeidslivet. 19(1), p. 45–54.
  • Barth, Erling; Gulbrandsen, Trygve Jens & Schøne, Pål (2002). Family ownership and productivity The role of owner-management.

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Published May 19, 2017 4:33 PM - Last modified June 23, 2020 2:06 PM