Determined to succeed? Maturation, Motivation and Gender Gaps in Educational Achievement
In Norway and most industrialized countries, girls get better school grades than boys. As they grow older, young women outperform young men in terms of grades and graduation in upper secondary education, as well as enrollment in, and graduation from, higher education. Currently, about 60 per cent of the students at most Norwegian universities are women.
The project aims to further our understanding of why boys may be lagging behind girls, or, in other words, why girls seem to be doing consistently better than boys in school. The project combines insights from various disciplines: sociology, economics, political science and medical science. We study two possible mechanisms – differences in maturity, and differences in motivation – and investigate how these interact with the school system, the labor market and student characteristics. We also study how gender differences in education has changed over time, as well as how the policy debates on the topic have developed over time.
The project consists of three main parts:
1. The Maturation Channel
In Part I, the maturation channel, we study to what extent the timing of maturation for girls and boys can help explain the gender achievement gap in education. We also analyze the interplay between the gender difference in maturity and educational tracking, as well as potential consequences of these gender differences for later education and labor market outcomes.
2. The Motivational Channel
In Part II, the motivation channel, we study education as investment, using cross-national data on academic performance and labor market outcomes. We study to what extent the gender gap in educational achievement can be explained by systematic variation in the value of good grades in gender segregated labor markets.
3. Historical Development: Differences and Policy Debates
Finally, Part III investigates the national and international policy debates about the gender gap in education, as well as the historical development of the phenomenon over the course of the 20th century, so that we can better understand the problem we are attempting to solve.
The project is also part of CORE – Centre for Research on Gender Equality at the Institute for Social Research.
|Sara Cools Senior Research Fellow||PhD||+47 482 83 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Cathrine Holst Professor||Ph.d.||+47 22 85 88 email@example.com|
|Liza Reisel Research Director, Equality, inclusion, migration||PhD||+47 975 71 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Marianne Røed Research Professor||Dr. polit.||+47 480 39 email@example.com|
|Pål Schøne Research Director, Work and Welfare||PhD||+47 986 22 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Mari Teigen Research professor, Director CORE – Centre for Research on Gender Equality||Dr. polit.||+47 482 07 email@example.com|
|Kjersti Misje Østbakken Senior Research Fellow||PhD||+47 991 62 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Camilla Stoltenberg (Folkehelseinstituttet)|
|Per Magnus (Folkehelseinstituttet)|
|Andreas Kotsadam (Frischsenteret)|
|Jørgen Modalsli (Statistisk sentralbyrå)|
|Paul Attewell (City University of New York)|
|Atika Khurana (University of Oregon)|