Deportation of irregular migrants and rejected asylum seekers is widely known to pit host states against these migrants, but deportation also pits host states against these migrants’ origin states. Liberal European host states cannot unilaterally send migrants back to the origin state they come from.
The project identifies the norms that determine (non-)deportability and theorises the scoping conditions under which they are promoted and contested.
- How do host and origin state agents involved with deportation normatively understand it?
- To which extent, how and under which conditions do these state agents engage in norm entrepreneurship to legitimise or delegitimise deportation?
- How do national norms of deportation evolve?
- To which extent and how do norms of deportation clash within the EU border agency Frontex?