Governing and Experiencing Citizenship in Multicultural Scandinavia
What are the relationships between policies and laws on citizenship and experiences of belonging, recognition and sense of community? The Governing and Experiencing Citizenship in Multicultural Scandinavia (GOVCIT) project will shed new light on relationships between citizenship and integration.
We do this through studying top-down policies and bottom-up lived experiences. The Scandinavian countries have undergone major cultural and social changes due to migration. Considering the homogeneity of the region, the
discrepancy in current citizenship regulation is remarkable. Requirements for citizenship acquisition differ: Norway is positioned in between liberal Sweden and restrictive Denmark. But both Sweden and Denmark permit dual citizenship, while Norway does not. Citizenship in Scandinavia has become eroded, as most substantial rights are attached to permanent residency, not to citizenship. Social cohesion at community level is an explicit aim for citizenship policy.
These macro-level paradoxes inform our study. We will learn more about these through document analysis and interviews with politicians and civil servants. At the individual level we recognize that identity cannot be legislated. Lived experiences are affected not by the letter of the law, but by practices, interpretations and negotiations. We are interested in the experiences of immigrants and descendants, as citizens or prospective citizens, which we will learn about through a Scandinavian survey. In Norway we also use ethnographic methods to capture lived experiences of people living in a diverse society. We are interested in the lived experiences of people both with and without an immigrant background, living in urban areas with diverse populations, and in scarcely populated areas far away from Oslo.
Belonging, community and integration are key issues in ongoing public debates, to which the GOVICT project will contribute through a focus on the interface of governing and experiencing citizenship.
The project is headed by PRIO, in cooperation with Institute for Social Research, Department of Sociology and Human Geography at The University of Oslo, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM) and Department of Political Science at Aarhus University.
More information about the project is available at PRIO’s web pages: https://www.prio.org/Projects/Project/?x=1143
|Simon Roland Birkvad Research Assistant||M. Sc.||+47 901 90 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Arnfinn H. Midtbøen Research Professor||PhD||+47 920 82 email@example.com|
|Marta Bivand Erdal (PRIO)|
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- Marta Bivand Erdal & Tove Heggli Sagmo (2017). Descent, birthplace and residence: Aligning principles of citizenship with realities of migrant transnationalism. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift. 71, s 208- 219
- Jonas Helgertz; Pieter Bevelander & Damian Laws (2017). The Influence of Partner Choice and Country of Origin Characteristics on the Naturalization of Immigrants in Sweden: A Longitudinal Analysis. International Migration Review.
- Marta Bivand Erdal (2016). Juxtaposing Pakistani diaspora policy with migrants’ transnational citizenship practices. Geoforum. 76, s 1- 10
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- Arnfinn Haagensen Midtbøen (2019). No longer the ‘last man standing’: Norway decides to allow dual citizenship. Global Citizenship Observatory (GLOBALCIT) Blog.
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- Arnfinn Haagensen Midtbøen (2016). Aksept for dobbelt statsborgerskap? Nye begrunnelser og uhellige allianser. Forskning.no : nettavis med nyheter fra norsk og internasjonal forskning.
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- Marta Bivand Erdal & Tove Heggli Sagmo (2013). Mindre norsk med to pass. NRK Ytring.