Evaluation of the parental leave scheme – gender equality effects
Illustration: CORE – Centre for Research on Gender Equality.
The project will evaluate the parental leave scheme and investigate whether the current scheme promotes gender equality.
Existing knowledge on gender equality effects of the parental leave scheme in Norway is largely based on families where fathers were entitled to a four-week fathers’ quota from 1993. This project will analyze the effects of an increase in the fathers’ quota to ten weeks from 2009 onwards.
Among other things, we will investigate whether a more gender balanced parental leave uptake promotes equality in the home and in the workplace in the short and medium term. Furthermore, we will investigate the importance of flexible leave of absence for the equality between parents at home and abroad, and the significance of the fact that the father is alone with the child during the leave period
The project consists of two parts, one quantitative and one qualitative part. The quantitative analyzes are the largest part of the project. Based on registry data, we will evaluate the effects of the expansion of the fathers’ quota on gender equality in employment, and what work-related factors may explain a more balanced parental leave.
The qualitative part will explore factors that affect parents' actual distribution and use of leave - in addition to experiences with the sharing of care and job responsibilities after parental leave. The analyzes will be based on in-depth interviews with fathers who have used the entire fathers’ quota or more, as well as on depth interviews with fathers with a limited parental leave uptake, conducted in connection with a previous project.
The project is also part of CORE – Centre for Research on Gender Equality at the Institute for Social Research.